What is an Ovariectomy?
An Ovariectomy is an alternative to the traditional Ovariohysterectomy, otherwise known as a spay. In a traditional spay the uterus and ovaries in the dog or cat are removed. In an Ovariectomy, only the ovaries of the animal are removed.
What are the benefits of an ovariectomy vs. an ovariohysterectomy?
An Ovariectomy involves a smaller incision, less pain, (up to 65% less pain if done laparoscopically), and a faster, easier recovery.
How is an ovariectomy performed?
The least traumatic method is done laparoscopically with the help of a vessel sealing device such as the LigaSure. Two small incisions are made: one for the laparoscopic camera and one for instruments needed for the procedure and removal of the ovaries. The two small incisions are made instead of one large one down the center of the abdomen.
Can laparoscopic ovariectomy be done on any patient?
The patient must weigh at least 5 pounds. This procedure can be performed on a patient whether it is in heat or not.
Are there any problems with leaving the uterus in the patient?
The problem in patients is not the uterus, but rather the ovaries. The ovaries release hormones, which cause heat cycle. Diseases such as pyometra (infection of the uterus) are due to abnormal hormone release during the heat cycle. Once the ovaries are gone, hormones are no longer released, thereby eliminating the possibility of a pyometra.
Other procedures performed with the laparoscope:
- Cryptorchid neuter (Cryptorchidism is when one or both testicles fails to descend into the scrotum. This condition is fairy common problem seen in dogs and cats).
- Liver biopsy
- Intestinal biopsy